Sport fishing attracts many enthusiasts to Quebec, thanks to its magnificent landscapes and diversity of fish. This vast region offers an exceptional playground for amateurs and professionals alike, with thousands of lakes and rivers to explore.
As you explore the different fishing areas, you'll discover a multitude of possibilities for indulging your passion.
Before embarking on this adventure, it's important to know and respect Quebec's fishing regulations. Fishing rules vary according to zone, fish species and time of year.
Find out about the fishing licenses and catch limits required to preserve the aquatic fauna and enjoy this activity with complete peace of mind.
Quebec fishing enthusiasts can also take advantage of the services offered by outfitters, parks and wildlife reserves. These establishments offer tailor-made packages and expert advice to help you enjoy an unforgettable fishing experience.
So get your gear ready and set off to discover the fishy waters that this beautiful province has to offer.
- 1 Different fish species
- 2 Location and Mapping
- 3 Sport Fishing in Quebec
- 4 Community Reserve
- 5 Winter fishing
- 6 General Fishing Rules
- 7 Permits and Quotas
Different fish species
Fishing in Quebec is an incredible experience because of its diversity of species. In this section, we'll explore some of the most popular fish you may encounter.
Walleye is one of the most popular species in Quebec. Appreciated for its tasty flesh, it is commonly found near rock piles and submerged structures in lakes and rivers. You may be lucky enough to catch a walleye on your fishing trip.
Pike is an aggressive fish often found in vegetation-rich areas and shallow waters. Pike are known for their fast attacks and large size, making them a popular choice for sport fishermen. We recommend using lures resembling small fish to attract them.
Bass is another popular fish in Quebec. There are generally two main species: smallmouth bass and largemouth bass. These fish are particularly fond of warm waters and are commonly found near rocky areas and underwater structures. They offer a good challenge and action for anglers.
Le Bar Rayé
The striped bass is a migratory fish found in the St. Lawrence River and its tributaries. It is a protected species, and fishing is subject to strict rules. The striped bass attracts many anglers because of its power and fighting spirit at the end of the line.
Take a look at our top 7 lures for striped bass!
Several species of trout live together in Quebec waters, including the speckled trout, the rainbow trout, and the gray trout. Trout generally prefer cold, well-oxygenated waters. Fishing techniques vary according to species and environment, but in general, fly fishing is the preferred method for catching these fish.
In addition to these popular species, Quebec is also home to a number of others. interesting fish species such as Atlantic salmon, char, muskellunge, lake trout and sturgeon. Each of these species offers different challenges and pleasures for anglers, ensuring that fishing in Quebec remains exciting and varied.
Location and Mapping
In Quebec, there are many fishing zones, each offering a variety of waters for sport fishing.
Zones are determined by geographic region and fish species.
These include lakes, salmon rivers and ponds. It's important to know which fishing zone you're in, so you can comply with the regulations in force.
Quebec's interactive sport fishing map is an invaluable tool to help you locate fishing areas, water bodies and salmon rivers. Available on the Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs (MFFP) website, this interactive map gives access to information on fishing periods, catch limits and regulatory exceptions.
To use the interactive map:
- Visit the MFFP.
- Select "Interactive map" from the menu.
- Explore the map to find the water bodies and salmon rivers of your choice.
- Consult the information on the selected fishing area for current regulations.
By combining your knowledge of Quebec's fishing areas with the information provided by the interactive map, you'll be better prepared to make the most of your fishing experiences and ensure you comply with local regulations.
Check the interactive map regularly for updates on the different zones and associated restrictions.
Fishing on the Montmorency River
The Rivière Montmorency, near Quebec City, is a popular destination for sport fishing, thanks to its diversity of fish species, with a special mention for trout.
It offers a unique fly-fishing experience, while allowing other techniques.
Anglers can explore its various sectors, including the Chute-Montmorency park and the Ste-Brigitte-de-Laval area, to appreciate its natural beauty.
Flagship species such as rainbow trout, lake trout, Arctic char and brook trout promise interesting catches, each with its own preferred periods and lures.
For more information on ideal fishing areas and seasons, as well as the other species present, consult our article dedicated to fishing on the Monmorency River.
Fishing on the Montmorency River
Located in the Chaudière-Appalaches region, the Etchemin River is a haven for anglers. With a length of 124 kilometers and 5.1 kilometers of trails, it welcomes anglers of all levels.
The river, which originated in the Appalachians, is rich in fish species such as speckled trout and yellow perch.
A variety of fishing techniques, such as fly-fishing and spinning, are practised here.
The peaceful village of Sainte-Claire nearby offers a great escape, along with other fishing sites such as Mont Orignal and Lac Etchemin.
Our article dedicated to fishing on the Etchemin River will be able to guide you if you're interested in this destination.
Sport Fishing in Quebec
In Quebec, the sport fishing is very popular and offers a multitude of opportunities for lovers of this activity.
Quebec's waters are teeming with different species of fish, some of which are popular with sport fishermen.
In this section, we'll look at the peculiarities of this practice and the main fish species available to sport fishermen.
Among the most representative species for sport fishing in Quebec are pike, trout, bass, walleye and salmon.
Each of these species has its own characteristics and requires its own fishing techniques.
Here are a few examples of species found in Quebec:
- Pike This predatory fish is appreciated for its combativeness and its size, which can reach up to 1.5 metres.
- Trout It is found in rivers and lakes and comes in several varieties (rainbow, brown, speckled).
- Bass This fish is found in calm waters and is prized for its strength and size.
- Gold The "Pike" is a bottom-dwelling fish found mainly in lakes and rivers, appreciated for its delicate, flavorful flesh.
- Salmon Several species of salmon can be caught in Quebec, including Atlantic salmon and chum salmon.
It's important to note that sport fishing is not only practiced during the warmer months of the year.
Winter fishing, also known as ice fishingis very popular in Quebec.
This activity begins in January, when the lakes and rivers are sufficiently frozen to allow safe fishing.
Other types of fishing, such as bow fishing, crossbow fishing and spearfishing, are also available in Quebec.
However, please find out about the regulations specific to these types of fishing before you start.
Community reserves add a unique dimension to the experience.
Community Wildlife Areas (CWAs) are wildlife management areas managed by local organizations and offer an excellent opportunity to fish while supporting local communities.
In a community reserve, you can fish in various types of territory, such as zecs (controlled harvesting zones), wildlife reserves, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
Each territory has its own fishing rules and regulations, so it's important to find out before you go.
Visit zecs are wildlife management areas where access fees are generally more affordable than in other types of territory. They also offer basic services such as picnic areas, shelters and sanitary facilities. Zecs are an excellent option for anglers who prefer simplicity and accessibility.
Visit wildlife reserves are protected areas dedicated to wildlife conservation and the management of recreational activities, including fishing. They often offer more elaborate facilities and services, such as lodging, outfitting and educational activities. Wildlife reserves are ideal for those seeking a more supervised and educational fishing experience.
Visit national parks are protected natural areas that also offer fishing opportunities. However, it's important to note that fishing regulations in national parks can be stricter, and it's essential to familiarize yourself with park rules before heading out to fish.
Finally, the wildlife reserves and community wildlife areas offer the opportunity to directly support local communities while enjoying the fishing. These territories are managed in partnership with local organizations, giving fishermen a unique experience while contributing to the sustainable development of the region.
Whether you choose a zec, a wildlife reserve, a national park or a community wildlife area, you'll have the opportunity to discover the beauties of Quebec's nature while practicing your passion for fishing.
Fishing in Quebec doesn't stop at the end of summer, and offers excellent winter fishing opportunities.
During this season, ice fishing is a popular activity.
You can choose from a variety of lakes in different regions of Quebec.
Winter fishing requires special preparation. Here are a few tips to help you make the most of your experience:
- Dress warmly: Wear several layers of clothing, insulated and waterproof boots, as well as gloves and a hat to protect you from the cold.
- Make sure you have all the necessary equipment: In addition to your usual fishing gear, remember to bring an ice drill, a shelter to protect you from the wind and cold, and bait suitable for ice fishing.
- Find out about rules and regulations: Fishing rules may vary depending on the area and species of fish. Make sure you know the catch limits and exceptions in effect for the body of water you've chosen.
Winter fishing in Quebec offers unforgettable moments and the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of winter landscapes.
General Fishing Rules
In Quebec, to practice sport fishing, you must respect certain limits depending on the species of fish you wish to catch.
These limits concern the number of fish you are allowed to catch and keep, known as the quota.
Catch quotas vary according to the species fished and the zone in which you are located. It's important to know these rules to avoid penalties or fines.
In addition to catch limits, there are also specific fishing periods for the different species of fish in each fishing zone.
These periods are designed to protect fish populations during reproduction, growth and migration.
Before going fishing, check the dates of the fishing season for the species you wish to fish in the area concerned.
If you fish outside these periods, you may be liable to penalties or fines.
Finally, specific rules apply to each fishing zone.
These rules may include catch limits and fishing periods different from those mentioned above, as well as exceptions for certain species or bodies of water.
To find out what rules apply where you want to fish, consult the Quebec government's official site for sport fishing and use interactive tools like the map and search filters to find relevant information.
By observing the general fishing rulesBy taking into account the fishing seasons and the specific characteristics of each area, you can help maintain fish populations and ensure a sustainable future for sport fishing in Quebec.
Permits and Quotas
To fish in Quebec, you need a valid fishing license, with certain exceptions. It's important to carry your license with you when you fish, as well as photo identification to confirm your identity.
In Quebec, there are several types of limits or quotas to respect, depending on the species you want to catch and where you're fishing:
- Daily intake : This is the number of fish of a given species you can catch each day. This number varies according to species and fishing area.
- Quota : This is the limit on the number of fish you are allowed to catch and keep for a given period.
- Fishing licence : As mentioned above, a valid fishing license is required to fish in Quebec, with a few exceptions.
It's crucial to know your fishing zone and to respect quotas and fishing periods, as well as possession and length limits which vary according to the species fished or your fishing zone.
Be sure to familiarize yourself with the rules specific to your area to avoid contravening any applicable regulations.